The SAGE Handbook of Aging, Work and Society


Edited by: John Field, Ronald J. Burke & Cary L. Cooper

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  • Part 1: Key Issues and Challenges

    Part 2: The Aging Workforce

    Part 3: Managing an Aging Workforce

    Part 4: Living in an Aging Society

    Part 5: Developing Public Policy

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    About the Editors

    John Field is a Professor in the School of Education, University of Stirling, and Visiting Professor at Birkbeck, University of London. He has written widely on skills, knowledge and learning in both their contemporary and historical aspects, with a particular focus on the adult life course; he has also served as a adviser to government and a number of voluntary organizations. His latest book is Working Men's Bodies: Work Camps in Britain, 1880–1939 (2013), and he has written a standard textbook on Social Capital. He blogs on his research interests and other matters at:

    Ronald J. Burke is one of Canada's most prolific researchers. His work has focused on the relationship between the work environment and the individual's overall well-being, and over the past forty years he has written articles for numerous academic and professional journals. In addition to his research and teaching activities, Professor Burke was the Founding Editor of the Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences. Burke has served on the editorial board of two dozen journals and has reviewed manuscripts for a dozen more journals. He has served as a member of two grants committees for the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, as Director of the PhD program in the School of Business at York University, and as Associate Dean Research, with the Schulich School of Business at York University. He has participated in research conferences in North and South America, the UK, Europe, Asia and Australia. He is a Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association.

    Cary L. Cooper is Professor of Organizational Psychology and Health at Lancaster University Management School and Pro Vice Chancellor at Lancaster University. He is the author/editor of over 120 books (on occupational stress, women at work and industrial and organizational psychology), has written over 400 scholarly articles for academic journals, and is a frequent contributor to national newspapers, TV and radio. He is currently Founding Editor of the Journal of Organizational Behavior and Editor-in-Chief of the medical journal Stress & Health. He is a Fellow of the British Psychological Society, The Royal Society of Arts, The Royal Society of Medicine, The Royal Society of Public Health, The British Academy of Management and an Academician of the UK's Academy of Social Sciences. He currently chairs the Academy of Social Sciences and is President of RELATE. In 2001, Cary was awarded a CBE in the Queen's Birthday Honours List for his contribution to occupational safety and health.

    Notes on Contributors

    Gary A. Adams is currently an endowed Professor of Human Resource Management at the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. Dr Adams received his PhD in Industrial and Organizational Psychology from Central Michigan University, a Master's degree from Illinois State University, and BS degree from the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. His research and consulting interests include older workers and occupational stress and health. He has published two books, several book chapters, and a number of articles in journals such as Personnel Psychology, Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, American Psychologist, Journal of Organizational Behavior, and Educational and Psychological Measurement.

    Boris B. Baltes, PhD, is a Professor in the Psychology Department at Wayne State University in Detroit, Michigan (USA). His research interests include the following areas: biases in performance appraisal, age and work, and work–family balance. His work has appeared in many journals including the Journal of Applied Psychology, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, and the Journal of Organizational Behavior. He is an associate editor for the Journal of Organizational Behavior and is on the editorial board of various journals. He was elected a Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Distinguished Fellow in 2013 for his unusual and outstanding contribution to the field of industrial/organizational psychology.

    Margaret E. Beier is an Associate Professor of Industrial and Organizational Psychology at Rice University in Houston, Texas. Margaret received her PhD in Industrial and Organizational Psychology from the Georgia Institute of Technology. Margaret's research is broadly focused on intellectual development through the lifespan. Specific topics include investigation of cognitive ability, age, gender, and personality and motivational traits as related to job and training performance both in organizations and educational settings. Her research combines elements of cognitive psychology, industrial/organizational psychology, and human factors. A main focus of her current research involves investigating how to best design training for older learners. Her work has been published in journals such as Psychological Bulletin, Journal of Applied Psychology, Personnel Psychology, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Intelligence, and Psychology and Aging.

    Tommy Bengtsson is Professor of Demography and Economic History at Lund University, Sweden where he is currently Director of the Centre for Economic Demography. His research interests are in European and Asian economic and historical demography, contemporary migration, health and well-being, and population aging. Bengtsson has published on living standards in the past and present, socio-economic inequalities in health and well-being, and on how conditions in early-life affect socio-economic performance and health in later life in international journals. His book Life under Pressure. Mortality and Living Standards in Europe and Asia, 1700–1900, co-authored with Cameron Campbell, James Lee and others, was awarded the American Sociological Association's Award for outstanding book on Asia in 2005. He has chaired the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population's Historical Demography Committee for many years.

    Todd E. Bodner is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at Portland State University. His research involves the evaluation of statistical methods commonly used by practicing researchers, including the general linear model, hierarchical (multilevel) linear models, structural equation models, meta-analytic methods, and methods for handling missing data.

    Stephan A. Boehm is an Assistant Professor and Director of the Center for Disability and Integration (CDI-HSG) at the University of St Gallen (Switzerland). He received a Master's (2003) and a PhD (2008) from the University of St Gallen. In 2008 and in the spring of 2009, he served as a Visiting Research Fellow at the Oxford Institute of Ageing at the University of Oxford, Great Britain. His research interests include diversity management, with a focus on the vocational inclusion of employees with disabilities and the management of demographic change as well as group-level and organizational-level processes of categorization, stereotyping, and discrimination. His work has appeared in various journals including the Journal of Organizational Behavior, the Journal of Management Studies, Personnel Psychology, and Human Resource Management.

    Melissa L. Cannon is a doctoral candidate in Urban Studies and a graduate research assistant at the Institute on Aging at Portland State University. She holds a bachelor's degree in community development, and she recently completed her graduate certificate in gerontology. Her current research areas are community development and gerontology, specifically focusing on strategies for creating inclusive, age-friendly cities and communities by fostering physical and social environments that support people of all ages and abilities.

    Danut A. Casoinic (PhD, University of Grenoble) is an Associate Professor of Management in the EM Strasbourg Business School, HuManiS Research Center (EA 1347), at the University of Strasbourg. His scholarly interests include, among others, age and generational stereotypes, demographic diversity, leadership behaviours and their links to various organizational outcomes. Professor Casoinic's research also focuses on the impact of age-related differences (chronological and subjective) on the quality of manager-employee work relationships, transformational leadership, and how these interactions may affect job satisfaction and organizational commitment.

    Yunan Chen is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Informatics at the Donald Bren School of Information and Computer Sciences (ICS) and the Institute for Clinical and Translational Science (ICTS) at the University of California, Irvine. Her research interests lie in the intersection of human–computer interaction (HCI) and Medical Informatics. In particular, she is interested in designing and evaluating interactive systems to support clinical collaboration, patient–provider interactions and chronic care management. Her recent project explores the opportunities for game-based interventions for promoting self-care of chronic illnesses in patients’ families.

    Betty Eckhaus Cohen is Information Services Specialist at the Sloan Center on Aging and Work at Boston College, where she is responsible for maintaining the Center's searchable databases of Aging and Work Facts and Aging and Work Literature. She also assists in identifying and evaluating scholarly literature, reports and other sources of information that support the Center's on-going research agenda. Betty previously served for eight years heading the Social Work Library at Boston College, and has prior experience in library management, research and teaching in public health and academic settings.

    Jennifer Kane Coplon, PhD, MSW has been a clinical social worker for over 40 years, practicing in several family service and health care settings and currently working privately and at South End Community Health Center in Boston. She is also a research fellow at the Sloan Center on Aging and Work at Boston College and a scholar at the Women's Studies Research Center at Brandeis University. Passionate about understanding and advocating for disempowered people, Dr Coplon is researching marginalized elders (including the formerly homeless in Boston and Ugandan grandparents in the role of custodial parents of AIDS related orphans), conducting positive life reviews and taking photographs that capture their strength and resilience. Dr Coplon has a master's degree from Simmons College School of Social Work and a doctoral degree from the Heller School of Social Policy and Management from Brandeis University.

    Sarah DeArmond is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Management and Human Resources at the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. She earned her BA at Central Michigan University and her MS and PhD from Colorado State University. Dr DeArmond's research and consulting interests are in occupational safety and health, job performance, selection, training, and leadership. She has published a number of book chapters and her research has appeared in journals such as Accident Analysis and Prevention, Public Personnel Management, International Journal of Selection and Assessment, and Journal of Applied Social Psychology.

    Paul Fairlie is a Sessional Assistant Professor in the School of Human Resource Management at York University. He received his PhD in psychology from York University. His research interests include the measurement and impact of meaningful work, and the role of personality in the workplace (e.g., perfectionism). He is also an applied consultant in industrial-organizational psychology, specializing in various forms of individual and organizational measurement, as well as organizational research. He has published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, and in Advances in Developing Human Resources. He recently authored a chapter on the role of meaningful work in employee health outcomes in The Fulfilling Workplace: The Organization's Role in Achieving Individual and Organizational Health, edited by Ronald Burke and Cary L. Cooper (Gower Publishing, 2013).

    Tara Fenwick is Professor of professional education at the University of Stirling, and Director of ProPEL [], an international network for research in professional practice, education and learning. Her research focuses on changing knowledges, cultures and professionalisms in work, with particular interest in sociomaterial approaches to researching and conceptualising knowing-in-practice. Her most recent books include Emerging Approaches to Educational Research: Tracing the Socio-Material with R. Edwards and P. Sawchuk (Routledge, 2011), Knowledge Mobilisation: Politics, Languages and Responsibilities with L. Farrell (Routledge, 2012), with a forthcoming volume Reconceptualising Professional Learning with M Nerland (Routledge 2013, forthcoming).

    Marvin Formosa is a Senior Lecturer within the European Centre for Gerontology, University of Malta. In 1998 and 2008, he was appointed as a lecturer by the International Institute on Ageing (United Nations – Malta) on its missions to Thailand and Qatar respectively. Dr Formosa also held the post of a Visiting Scholar at Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada (2009–2010). In 2012, he was invited to join the editorial board of Research on Ageing and Social Policy and International Journal on Education and Ageing. His primary interests are older adult learning, social class dynamics, and social exclusion – subjects on which he has contributed to many edited books and journals. Recent and forthcoming works include Lifelong Learning in Later Life: A Handbook on Older adult Learning (with Brian Findsen, Sense Publishers, 2011), Social Class in Later Life: Power, Identity and Lifestyle (with Paul Higgs, The Policy Press, 2013), and International Perspectives on Older Adult Education: Research, Policies and Practice (with Brian Findsen, Springer, 2014).

    Laura Guerrero is an Assistant Professor of Management at The University of Texas at El Paso. Her research focuses on careers and job search. She is especially interested in careers of immigrants, Hispanics, women, and other groups. Dr Guerrero has worked, studied, and lived in Mexico, the United States, and Canada. She has an undergraduate degree in economics from The University of Texas at El Paso, an MBA from Simon Fraser University, and a PhD from the Richard Ivey School of Business at the University of Western Ontario. She has published in various peer-reviewed publications including Applied Psychology: An International Review, Career Development Quarterly, and Organizational Dynamics. She has also co-edited Cases in Leadership, now available in its third edition.

    Anne-Marie Guillemard is Professor of Sociology at the Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Paris Descartes Sorbonne with a national research Chair (Institut Universitaire de France). Since 2011 Emeritus Professor. She is a member of the Academia Europaea. She has coordinated several European research projects in the 6th and 7th Framework Programme. Among them she was responsible for work packages in the European Network of Excellence “Civil Society and New Forms of Governance in Europe” (CINEFOGO), and the European research consortium ASPA “Activating Senior Potential in Ageing Europe” (7thFP). She sits on the editorial boards of the Revue française de sociologie, Ageing and Society, Hallym International Journal of Aging (Baywood Publishing Company) and Retraite et Société. Her work on international comparisons of welfare policies, retirement systems and employment is widely recognized. Her research focuses on questions related to age and employment, age management in public and entrepreneurial policies, the generational contract and the reform of the welfare state. Among her most recent works are the following : Social policies and Citizenship, The Changing Landscape, (ed) Oxford University Press, 2012, Les défis du vieillissement, Age, Emploi, Retraite, Perspectives internationales, Armand Colin 2010.

    Leslie B. Hammer is a Professor in the Department of Psychology at Portland State University. Her research focuses on ways in which organizations can help reduce work and family stress and improve positive spillover by facilitating both formal and informal workplace supports. Dr Hammer is the Director of the Center for Work–Family Stress, Safety, and Health, Director of the Portland State Occupational Health Psychology graduate training program, and Associate Director of the Oregon Healthy Workforce Center, funded by grants from the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Dr Hammer co-authored a book with Dr Margaret Neal entitled Working Couples Caring for Children and Aging Couples: Effects on Work and Well-Being (2007).

    Apivat Hanvongse is a PhD student in the Social-Organizational Psychology Program at Teachers College, Columbia University. His primary research and scholarly interests examine how leaders help social enterprises and entrepreneurial non-profit organizations balance social and commercial value creation. Other interests include generational differences in the workplace and bilingual/bicultural issues at work. He hopes to transfer his knowledge, skills, and practice related to the field of organizational change and development to Asian and developing country contexts.

    Christiane Hipp became dean of the faculty in 2011 and full professor for Organisation, Human Resource Management and General Management at the Technical University Cottbus in 2005. She received her diploma in industrial engineering in 1994 and her PhD in economics in 1999. From 1995 until 1999 Christiane Hipp was research associate at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research and from 1999 until 2005 she has been working as a senior technology manager for several companies (e.g., Vodafone) while she has continued her research at the Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg in the area of innovation management. There she received her postdoctoral lecture qualification in 2005. She was a visiting scholar at the University of Manchester's Centre for Research on Innovation and Competition. Her areas of interest include demographical change, service innovation, innovation strategies, intellectual property and innovation processes.

    Carla Houkamau (PhD) is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Management and International Business. Carla joined the Department in 2007 as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow. She completed her PhD in Psychology at The University of Auckland under the Health Research Council Scholarship program as well as a Bachelor of Commerce (Conjoint) in Management and Employment Relations. Carla specializes in the areas of personal identity and diversity management. Her current research program is concerned with the business case for diversity management: in particular, how diversity management can foster a positive work environment for individuals from diverse backgrounds while promoting employee engagement and productivity.

    Yu-Shan Hsu is an Assistant Professor at the John Molson School of Business, Concordia University. She received her PhD at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Her research interests are diversity/cross-cultural management and interpersonal and interdomain relationships. Her work has been published in edited books and journals such as International Journal of Human Resource Management and International Journal of Cross Cultural Management.

    Kerr Inkson is an Emeritus Professor at The University of Auckland Business School, New Zealand. His 48-year academic career included 25 years as full Professor, at five New Zealand universities. His main field of research is career studies. Kerr has published 17 books, and over 120 refereed journal articles and book chapters. His latest books are Understanding Careers (SAGE, 2007, second edition in preparation); Cultural Intelligence (co-authored with David C Thomas, second edition, Berrett-Koehler, 2009); Career Studies (4-volume collection, co-edited with Mark Savickas, SAGE, 2012); and Managing Expatriates (co-authored with Yvonne McNulty, Business Expert Press, 2013).

    Jacquelyn Boone James is director of research at the Sloan Center on Aging & Work, and research professor in the Lynch School of Education at Boston College. She received her PhD in personality and developmental psychology at Boston University. Her research has focused on the meaning and experience of work, gender roles and stereotypes, adult development, and most recently, perceptions of older workers and emerging retirement issues. She and her colleagues have published numerous articles, opinion pieces, and four edited books. Currently, with funding from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, she and her director, Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes are in the process of conducting a major field experiment within a regional medical center to study the workplace impact of changes to ‘time & place management’ policies and programs. Recently, she was featured on CBS Sunday Morning to discuss issues having to do with ‘the new unemployables’, older workers who are having difficulty finding work. Dr James is past president of the Society for the Study of Human Development and serves on the editorial board of Research in Human Development.

    Steve M. Jex is currently Professor of Industrial/Organizational Psychology at Bowling Green State University He has also held faculty positions at Central Michigan University and the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh. Dr Jex received his PhD in Industrial/Organizational Psychology from the University of South Florida and has spent most of his postdoctoral career conducting research on occupational stress. His research has appeared in a number of scholarly journals including Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, and Work & Stress. Dr Jex is the author of two books, Stress and Job Performance: Theory, Research, and Implications for Managerial Practice and Organizational Psychology: A Scientist-Practitioner Approach.

    Stina Johansson received her doctorate in Sociology at Uppsala University 1986. In 1993 she became Associate Professor in Sociology at Uppsala University, and since 1999 she is Professor in Social Work at Umeå University. During her carrier she has conducted research projects and published books and articles about professional elderly care, professionalization among care workers, informal care, old people's social networks and old people's life histories. She is also interested in comparative studies and has research collaboration with colleagues in Australia and China. Stina Johansson is also editor-in-chief for the Swedish scientific journal Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift (Swedish Journal of Social Research).

    Ruth Kanfer is a Professor of Industrial and Organizational Psychology at Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Her area of expertise is work motivation, including job search and older worker reemployment, employee engagement, worker self-management, and team motivation. She is trained in clinical assessment methods and has published extensively in top-tier journals including the Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Applied Psychology, and Research in Organizational Behavior, and has co-edited four books on motivation and emotion related to work. Her work has been funded by government and private agencies, including the National Science Foundation, the Society of Human Resource Management, the US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the US Office of Naval Research, the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Aging, and the Spencer Foundation. Dr Kanfer has also consulted with national organizations, state government agencies, and private companies and provided expert testimony on worker motivation in a variety of industrial sectors.

    Martin Kohli is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the European University Institute (Florence, Italy) and Professor at the Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (Bremen, Germany). Previously he was at the Free University of Berlin. He is a member of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and the Austrian Academy of Sciences, and from 1997–99 served as President of the European Sociological Association (ESA).

    Franz Kolland is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Vienna. His main research focus is on social gerontology. He studies learning in later life, intergenerational learning, aging, biography, life styles and new technologies. He is Head of the working group ‘Ageing and health’ at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Vienna. His professional activities include the co-editorship of the International Journal of Education and Ageing. He is board member of the Austrian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics, the Austrian Committee on Ageing Medicine, and member of the editorial board of the German Journal of Gerontology and Geriatrics and the International Journal of Education and Ageing.

    Harald Künemund is Professor of Empirical Research on Ageing and Research Methods at University of Vechta, Germany. His main topics of research are social and political participation of older people, intergenerational relations, old age and technology, and methods of social research.

    Florian Kunze is a senior research associate and lecturer at the Institute for Leadership and Human Resource Management at the University of St Gallen, Switzerland. In 2012 he served as a visiting research fellow at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA). His current research interests include consequences of the demographic change for companies, within-group processes and dynamics in work teams and organizations, discrimination and stereotyping due to demographic characteristics, and leadership research.

    Christine Milligan is Professor of Health and Social Geography and Director of the Centre for Ageing Research at Lancaster University. She has published widely in the field of aging and care. Her main interests focus around aging in place and the importance of home and community in maintaining the health and well-being of older people and family care-givers. Christine has also undertaken work around active aging and is expert in qualitative and participative research methods. She works closely with public and third sector organizations as well as older people themselves.

    Maggie Mort, a former journalist and health correspondent, is Reader in the Sociology of Science, Technology and Medicine and has a joint post between Sociology and Medicine at Lancaster University. She has published widely in the areas of technological change, telemedicine and telecare, innovation in health science and technology, health policy and politics, disaster and recovery studies. She works largely with ethnographic and participative methodologies.

    Margaret B. Neal, PhD, is Director of the Institute on Aging and Professor of Community Health at Portland State University. She also oversees the Institute on Aging's Aging Matters, Locally and Globally Initiative, leads a service-learning program to Nicaragua, and co-directs the Oregon Geriatric Education Center. Dr Neal teaches graduate courses in gerontology and data collection methods. Her most recent research has focused on the challenges and opportunities of managing paid employment and unpaid elder care, the characteristics and creation of age-friendly cities and communities, transportation options for older adults, strategies for promoting healthy aging, and aging in developing countries. She and Dr Leslie Hammer co-authored a book entitled Working Couples Caring for Children and Aging Couples: Effects on Work and Well-Being (2007).

    Elissa L. Perry (PhD, Carnegie Mellon University) is a Professor in the Social-Organizational Psychology Program at Teachers College, Columbia University. Her research focuses on the role of personal characteristics (e.g., age, generational membership, gender, race, disability) in human resource judgments and organizational behaviour and the effectiveness of organizational interventions (e.g., diversity training, sexual harassment awareness training) in reducing and managing discrimination. Professor Perry has published her work in journals including Journal of Applied Psychology, Academy of Management Review, and Journal of Organizational Behavior.

    Chris Phillipson is Professor of Sociology and Social Gerontology at the University of Manchester where he co-directs the Manchester Interdisciplinary Collaboration for Research on Ageing (MICRA). He has undertaken a range of research projects in areas covering work and retirement, family and community change in later life, and the impact of social exclusion on the quality of life in old age. His publications include: The Sage Handbook of Social Gerontology (co-edited, Sage, 2010); Work, Health and Well-being: The challenges of managing health at work (co-edited, Policy Press, 2011); Ageing (Polity Press, 2013).

    Ayala Malach Pines (deceased September 2012) received her BA at the Hebrew University and her MA and PhD at Boston University. She was a clinical, social and organizational psychologist. She served as Dean of the Guilford Glazer Faculty of Business & Management at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Be'er-Sheva, Israel.

    Dr Pines was an internationally renowned authority in social and organizational psychology. She was a pioneer in the study of burnout and published extensively on the subject. Her Burnout Measure is being used extensively by researchers worldwide. She published 10 books on topics ranging from personal and professional burnout to romantic love and jealousy, to gender aspects and managerial issues. She published 30 book chapters and well over 100 research articles. Her books were translated into many languages, including Hebrew, French, German, Spanish, Hungarian, Greek, Turkish, Chinese, Polish, Japanese and Korean.

    Above all, Professor Pines represented a rare combination of compassion, leadership and wisdom of the heart. She was a lighthouse for many patients, students and colleagues. May her memory be blessed.

    Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Graduate School of Social Work and the Carroll School of Management. She directs the Sloan Center on Aging & Work at Boston College and co-directs the Center for Social Innovation. She has been the principal investigator or co-principal investigator for several large scale studies including the 2010 Generations of Talent study, an investigation which gathered data from over 11,000 employees working in eleven different countries. Dr Pitt-Catsouphes is currently co-principal investigator for a workplace intervention study, the Time and Place Management study. She was invited to the 2005 White House Conference on Aging as an issue expert and participated in the 2010 White House Forum on Workplace Flexibility.

    Richard A. Posthuma is a Professor of Management at The University of Texas at El Paso. His research interests include: age stereotyping in the workplace, cross-cultural and Latin America Issues, high performance work practices, negotiations and conflict management, and higher education. He has more than 13 years of professional work experience in the public and private sectors involving: employee relations, human resource management, risk management, training, and law and has provided professional services to many public and private sector organizations. He earned his PhD in Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management from Purdue University; JD, Cum Laude, from the Thomas M. Cooley Law School; and Masters in Labor and Industrial Relations from Michigan State University. He has numerous peer-reviewed publications in top tier journals including Industrial Relations, Journal of Management, Journal of Organizational Behavior, and Personnel Psychology. He is editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Conflict Management, and serves on the editorial boards of Human ResourceManagement and the Journal of Management. As an attorney he is licensed to practice law in Michigan and the District of Columbia.

    Margaret Richardson (PhD, University of Waikato, New Zealand) is a Research Fellow in the Management Communication Department at the University of Waikato. Her research interests include the use and rejection of computers by older people, as well as identification of the structures and practices that impact on older people's capacity to participate in and with organizations, including in their roles as workers and customers. She has published articles in The Gerontologist, Research on Aging, Work Employment & Society, Communication Yearbook, New Media & Society, and Information Communication & Society.

    Celia Roberts works in the Department of Sociology, Lancaster University, with affiliations to the Centre for Science Studies and the Centre for Gender and Women's Studies. Her work focuses on new health technologies (ranging from telecare through to pharmaceuticals), embodiment and gender. She is currently working on an EU-funded project on patient activism and writing a book on early onset puberty.

    Cort W. Rudolph, PhD, is an Assistant Professor of Industrial and Organizational Psychology at Saint Louis University, in Saint Louis, MO (USA), where he also serves as the Primary Investigator and Director of the Sustainable Employability Across the Lifespan (S.E.A.L.) Laboratory. Cort previously held an academic appointment at Florida International University in Miami, FL (USA). He earned his BA from DePaul University in Chicago, IL (USA), and his MA and PhD from Wayne State University, in Detroit, MI (USA), where he was a Thomas C. Rumble Research Fellow, and the recipient of the Ross & Margaret Stagner Award. Cort's research focuses broadly on issues related to aging and work processes, sustainable employability, and applications of lifespan development theory.

    Malcolm Sargeant LLB, PhD is Professor of Labour Law at Middlesex University Business School, London, United Kingdom. He has written extensively on discrimination issues and, in particular on age discrimination. Books include Age Discrimination (Gower Publishing, 2011), Age Discrimination and Diversity (Ed. Cambridge University Press, 2011), and Discrimination and the Law (Routledge, 2013).

    Heike Simone Schröder is a Postdoctoral Researcher at WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Vienna (Austria). She received a PhD in HRM from Middlesex University Business School, London (United Kingdom) in 2011 and was a Visiting Researcher at Keio University, Tokyo (Japan) in 2009. Her research is on demographic change and workforce aging in Germany, Britain and Japan. Using institutional theory, institutional entrepreneurship and life course theory lenses, she explores how workforce aging affects and is managed by stakeholders such as the state, trade unions, firms and individual workers.

    Kirk Scott is Associate Professor of Economic History at Lund University, Sweden and guest researcher in demography at the Stockholm University Demographic Unit. His research lies primarily in the intersection between immigrant integration and demography, with focuses on labor market integration in general, and its impact on demographic behavior in particular. To this end, interest has been both on the economic and demographic integration of immigrants themselves, as well as the pathways through which the children of immigrants integrate into the host society. Parallel with these studies, Scott has become increasingly interested in the economic impacts of population aging, and potential policy answers to the challenges caused by an aging population. Scott is a past president of the Swedish Demographic Association and the Nordic Demographic Association, and served as Dean of the European Doctoral School of Demography 2009–2011.

    Johannes Siegrist was Professor of Medical Sociology at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Düsseldorf, until his retirement in 2012. Recently, he was awarded a Senior Professorship of Work Stress Research at this University where he continues his scientific activities, with a special focus on social determinants of healthy aging. Together with his team he developed the effort–reward imbalance model of stressful work which is applied in many investigations worldwide. He received several national and international distinctions of scholarship.

    Bram Vanhoutte is a Research Associate at the Cathie Marsh Centre for Census and Survey Research of the University of Manchester. His current research focuses on aspects of inequality and gender in mental health, well-being, health and ageing. He obtained his PhD in the Social Sciences (University of Leuven), and holds MAs in Sociology (Free University Brussels) and Economy (University of Ghent).

    Penny Vera-Sanso is Lecturer of Development Studies and Social Anthropology at Birkbeck, University of London. She has published widely on ageing, gender, poverty and work in urban and rural South India and is Principal Investigator of the project on which this article is based, ‘Ageing, Poverty and Neoliberalism in Urban South India’, (RES-352-25-0027), and of its follow-on project, ‘Ageing and Poverty: the working lives of older people in India’ (ES/J020788/1). Her current interest is on the invisibility of older people's work, its role in supporting the national and global economy and the means by which older people's rights as workers and citizens can be strengthened.

    Birgit Verworn is a Researcher at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research in Leipzig. She received her diploma in mechanical engineering in 1996 and worked as a process engineer for Procter & Gamble until 1998. From 1999 until 2004 Birgit Verworn was a researcher at the Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg and received her PhD in innovation management in 2004. In 2004 and 2005 she worked as a technology consultant and continued her research at the Technical University Cottbus in the area of innovation and human resource management. There she received her postdoctoral lecture qualification (habilitation) in 2009 and became full Professor for Organization and Management at the Dresden University of Applied Sciences. Her research areas include demographic change, innovation management and research management.

    Morten Wahrendorf is a Sociologist with substantial expertise in research on health inequalities, life course epidemiology, work stress and healthy aging. He obtained his PhD in Sociology in 2009 at the Department of Medical Sociology of the University Düsseldorf, Germany. In 2011 he was awarded a postdoctoral fellowship from the German Research Foundation to work at the International Centre for Life Course Studies in Society and Health at Imperial College London.

    Anna Wanka studied sociology and law at the University of Vienna. She is junior researcher and currently doing her PhD in sociology at the University of Vienna. Her research foci are aging populations and demographic change, education and spatial sociology.

    Doreen Weber (née Schwarz) has been employed at the Norddeutsche Landesbank since 2011 where she works in the division of finance and risk controlling. Previously, from 2004, Doreen Weber was a scientist at the Chair of Organization, Human Resource Management and General Management at the Brandenburg University of Technology in Cottbus, and received her PhD in economics in 2010. Her research interests still include strategic human resource management, demographic change, and the system dynamics approach. She is an expert in strategic workforce planning as well as in forecasting and measuring the value of human capital. To transfer the theoretical knowledge, she co-founded simthemis(R) in 2007 and advises private and communal companies on the effects of demographic change and their strategic course of action.

    Jennica R. Webster is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Management at Marquette University. She received a PhD from Central Michigan University, a MS from the University of Wisconsin Oshkosh, and a BA from Bowling Green State University. Prior to joining Marquette University she was an Assistant Professor at Northern Illinois University. Dr. Webster's research and consulting interests lie in the areas of occupational stress, job attitudes and gender in the workplace. She has published her research in several book chapters and journals such as the Journal of Vocational Behavior, Journal of Business and Psychology, Career Development International, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology and Psychology of Women Quarterly.

    Jing Wen is a postdoctoral researcher at the State Key Lab of Software Engineering, Wuhan University. She was a visiting student in the Department of Informatics at the University of California, Irvine in 2010, where she studied the use of social networking games for intergenerational relationship and family communication.

    Bo Xie is an Associate Professor in the School of Nursing and School of Information at the University of Texas at Austin. She received her PhD in Science and Technology Studies from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, her MS in Psychology from Peking University, and her BMedSci from the West China School of Medicine in Chengdu, China. Her research focuses on health informatics interventions that can promote older adults’ use of information and communication technologies for health information, communication, and decision-making (i.e., e-health literacy) that can have important implications for patient–provider relationships and health outcomes. Her research is funded by the National Institutes of Health.

    Keith L. Zabel, MA, is a doctoral student at Wayne State University in Detroit, MI (USA). Keith earned his BA from Albion College in Albion, MI (USA) and his MA from Wayne State University in Detroit, MI (USA), where he is currently a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellow. Keith's research focuses broadly on issues related to mentoring, generational differences in the workplace, and aging and work processes.

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