Following years of complacency about food security and agriculture, world food prices began increasing in 2000 and currently remain well above long run trends. Research into this phenomenon reveals a highly complex and cross-disciplinary issue, which is fast becoming a defining feature of our times. Fuelled by a huge variety of interlinking factors, including rapid or improved economic growth – particularly in Asia and Africa – as well water scarcity, climate change, and the increasing demand for biofuels, the renewed urgency due to recent high food prices has focused much-needed attention on the challenges of food security.
The articles in these volumes address the major challenges and debates around food security and the policies, investments, and technologies required to reduce or eliminate food insecurity. Organised thematically, each volume is introduced by an essay that synthesizes the topics covered therein, including the following:
Volume One: Food Demand, Access and Utilization
Volume Two: Producing Enough Food
Volume Three: Markets, Value Chains, Trade and Macroeconomic Policy
Volume Four: Food Policy for Food Security
Following years of complacency about food security and agriculture, world food prices began increasing in 2000 and spiked sharply in 2008 and again in 2011. Food prices remain well above long run trends. A number of factors, many of them long-term structural changes, have contributed to this new world food supply and demand situation. Rapid economic growth and urbanization, especially in Asia, have driven rising demand for meat, inducing rapid increases in demand for maize and soybeans for livestock feed. Improved economic growth in Africa has strengthened demand for staples such as rice and wheat. Per capita food consumption of maize and coarse grains will decline as consumers shift to wheat and rice. As ...